Missions

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THE CHURCH AND THE WORLD MISSIONS Industrial

Missions

in India

The agricultural work of the American Presbyterian church at Allahabad is treated in an article in the International Review by S. Higginbottom. A primary reason for the opening of a department of agriculture in the college at Allahabad is the fact that India is and ever will be primarily an agricultural country and education in agriculture will benefit a larger number of the 350,000,000 people of India, 8o per cent of whom are dependent upon agriculture for a livelihood, than any other kind of education. It has been found in the past that when low-caste converts have been given training in carpentry or other crafts and have come into competition with non-Christian fellow-artisans, the Christian has often been worsted and fallen back into the ranks of casual labor, not because his work was not good but because the force of caste proved too powerful. To train the low-caste people in agriculture is not to take away from them their hereditary occupation and there is always a market for the product of their work. A selfsupporting church is impossible to conceive in a community whose average income is a half-penny a day per member. Therefore to improve the economic condition of these people brings measurably nearer the self-supporting church. Every Christian on his little farm with his improved methods and greater returns would attract the attention of non-Christian neighbors. The simple folk are appealed to by Old Testament standards, and success in farming would be associated with the religion of the one getting these good results. Agriculture would be one of the surest safeguards against famines. In consideration of these facts, the Allahabad Christian College has

gone into agricultural education and for this purpose bought 200 acres of land. The plans call for ?io,ooo in building and equipment. The department is offering courses in horticulture, scientific farming, and animal husbandry, including sheepraising, dairying, stock-raising and poultry. Three qualified men are to have charge of the work. The college has already begun work. Men are applying for admission into each of the classes and the men in charge are learning by actual experience how to adapt their knowledge to Indian conditions. Ten New Y.M.C.A. Secretaries China

for

Ten new secretaries will be sent to China, India, and Japan to promote religious and social activities, as a result of a luncheon held recently in the University Club, Chicago, at which G. Sherwood Eddy, general Y.M.C.A. secretary of Asia, and Fletcher S. Brockman, national Y.M.C.A. secretary for China, described the opportunities for Christian service in the Orient. Since the dinner those present have pledged sufficient funds to support the work of the ten new secretaries for the next five years. For a number of years Chicago Y.M.C.A. has supported two secretaries in Hong Kong, China. With twelve representatives in the Orient, the Chicago Association is said to lead all other Young Men's Christian Associations in missionary enterprise. Christian Union in China Christian union was given great impetus in China in the meeting held at Shanghai by John R. Mott on behalf of the Edinburgh Continuation Committee. One hundred representatives attended, representing almost

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THE BIBLICAL WORLD

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every Protestant missionary force in China. They resolved that no mission should be opened in any district already occupied without full consent of the forces now on the ground. Close federation in all work was urged where closer union was impossible, but union was urged wherever possible between bodies most alike and in those forms of work that did not involve creedal issues, i.e., education, social service, etc. A hymnal and a service book was ordered prepared for universal use such as is now used in Japan. The full force of the union sentiment was put forth in the declaration that all churches in China regardless of home distinctions should assume the single title, " Christian Churchin China." Preaching

the Gospel in the Temple of Heaven

One notable evidence of the change in Chinese temper is the fact that the Temple of Heaven where the emperor used to go once a year to worship heaven, and which was one of the most beautiful and impressive temples in all the earth, has of late been opened for Christian preaching. The high altar of the Temple of Heaven has been placarded with Christian Scripture texts, and native preachers and foreign missionaries have preached the gospel from this most sacred shrine in China. America's

Contribution

to Egypt

Rev. Francis E. Clark, in the July Missionary Review of the World, calls attention to the fact that some of the new things in Egypt are as worthy of attention as the old. If the American visitor would be ashamed to confess that he had visited Egypt and had not seen the Pyramid of Gizeh or the Sphinx, so he ought also to be unwilling to come away without seeing the splendid

American mission in Cairo or the great American college for men at Assiut established by the United Presbyterian church. The Cairo mission, with its services in Arabic, English, Turkish, Armenian, and Italian, is advertised in all the prominent hotels and is very easily found, since it is located right in the heart of Cairo, and is an inspiring example of what the youngest nation is doing for the oldest. So, too, the college at Assiut, two hundred and fifty miles up the Nile, is a most welcome sight to the traveler who has endured the drab monotony of the mud villages on the way up the river. The college grounds seem like a bit of home with their flower beds, tennis courts, and football field crowded with athletic young Egyptians. There is everything that goes to make up a modern college, commodious recitation halls, well-equipped laboratories, and, best of all, the spirit of Christian enterprise, of true gentlemanliness, of clean sport and earnest studiousness. It is sometimes said that America's contribution to Egypt consists in bad things, the saloon, the godless traveler, the merchant intent only on making money, but these fine institutions at Cairo and Assiut have done much to turn the balance to the other side, and the American missionary is responsible for just such evangelizing forces. Statistics of results mean little unless sympathetically interpreted, but all that is being done by these and similar agencies "can be summed up in the thought that as the Nile overflows its banks every year, and brings food and life to all the millions of Egypt. so this overflow from the Christian resources of America is bringing the Bread of Life to thousands who will distribute it to other thousands, until, please God, the spiritually hungry millions of this ancient, historic land are also fed."

1913-08-01
English